The counties need a voice. Pending before the state Legislature is a measure to remove the dollar limitation on transient accommodations tax revenues and return the counties to the percentage share to which they were entitled for more than 20 years - no more and no less.
House Bill 1671, introduced by the entire Maui delegation to the state House of Representatives, recognizes that the arbitrary cap inserted by the Legislature was to be a temporary measure to assist the state with its budgetary shortfall. In its original form, HB 1671 restored the 44.8 percent share of the county-generated TAT, which had been in place until 2011.
The counties have lost potential revenue to benefit the state for the last three years, and it's time for the prior status quo to be restored. The current limitation of $93 million is estimated to increase to roughly $165 million this year if the cap is removed and the counties' 44.8 percent of total TAT revenues is restored.
An amended version of the measure removes the percentage necessary to ensure the counties' just share, guts the measure and must be rejected in favor of the original form of the bill.
TAT is a tax collected when a guest stays in a hotel or other accommodation for less than 180 days. In July 2010, the tax rate increased to 9.25 percent of the gross rent for hotel rooms. Unlike other municipalities across the nation, counties in Hawaii are required to turn those revenues over to the state for distribution. The state divides those revenues among the counties and special funds for the convention center and tourism marketing, keeping any excess revenue for state use. By capping the counties and special funds, the excess over a two-year period going to the state general fund has grown by $272 million.
In 2009 the state faced a 9.8 percent drop in tax revenues, but in 2010 the state's revenue collections began to recover. The following July, the state capped the counties' share of the TAT at a time when the counties' property values had dropped significantly. Property tax collections suffered.
In fiscal year 2013, revenues collected by the state rose 32.4 percent compared with FY 2009 (from $4.9 billion to $6.5 billion), while the same time period showed declines for Kauai, Hawaii and Maui counties - by 19.7 percent, 13.5 percent and 4.2 percent, respectively.
What does that mean for county dollars? If the projection is accurate, restoring the 2011 share would mean $23.9 million instead of $13.5 million for Kauai County, $30.7 million instead of $17.3 million for Hawaii County, $72.8 million for the City and County of Honolulu instead of $41 million, and $37.6 million instead of $21.2 million for Maui County.
For Maui County, real property tax valuations are lower than they were in 2009 by approximately 25 percent, yielding less real property tax revenues. Meanwhile, over the last two fiscal years, the state realized more than $124 million in TAT revenue at the expense of the counties.
The clear majority of visitor needs are filled by the counties, not the state. It is the counties that provide water and sewer service; police, fire and ocean safety protection; development and upkeep of most roads; and park development and maintenance - all of which are used to provide visitors with a quality experience. These investments showcase each county as a special place to live and visit.
Restoring the counties' share of the TAT to 44.8 percent is a vote in support of much-needed county assistance and a vote for maintaining a healthy visitor industry across the state. Even in its original form, HB 1671 returns less than half of county-derived TAT revenues to the county coffers. County taxpayers should demand, as their county council members are, a return of the established 44.8 percent share and a removal of the cap. I urge everyone to support HB 1671 in the form in which it was introduced. Email all state senators at firstname.lastname@example.org and all state representatives at email@example.com.
* Maui County Council Member Mike White is the chairman of the council's Budget and Finance Committee. He holds the council's Makawao-Haiku-Paia residency seat.