Still chasing Dr. King’s dream
Marchers mark his birthday, express hope for the equality and unity he championed
WAILUKU — As Martin Luther King Jr. preached against injustice in the 1960s, Gwyn Gorg marched through the streets of Los Angeles advocating for fair housing and better jobs, while angry bystanders threw rocks and shouted slurs.
“I marched and marched, went to jail, carried signs, sang songs,” Gorg said. “Was really scared a lot when the real mean people showed up. But I learned, and through Martin Luther King, we learned nonviolence. We learned that no matter what people did or said, we could not retaliate.”
During a celebration of King’s birthday in Wailuku on Monday, Gorg participated in a much more peaceful march, where parents and children carried paper cranes, bagpipes played “Amazing Grace” and nobody threw rocks. But while Gorg is happy to see how far the world has come, she’s also saddened that society, in many ways, has fallen short of King’s dream.
“I guess I was naive, because I really thought by now–I just thought it would be a lot different; a lot better,” said Gorg, president of the African Americans on Maui Association. “And it seems like in the last few years, we’re just going further and further apart.”
It’s why every January, Gorg and other march organizers do what they can to keep King’s dream alive.
Bryant Neal does it by channeling King himself. Every year Neal dons a suit and tie, carries a binder of speeches up to the county building and does his best impression of the iconic civil rights leader.
“There’s something about the words and hearing that live,” Neal said.
Neal delivered two of King’s speeches on Monday — his famous “I have a dream” speech and an excerpt from the final speech he gave on April 3, 1968, the day before he was assassinated. Neal said he’s been doing King’s speeches for about a decade now, and while he’s grown used to playing the part, King’s words fill him with renewed vigor every time.
“It’s just not one of those things that you can just read calmly,” Neal said. “I find even in my head, if I’m reading silently, it’s still going off in there. . . . You can’t be neutral with it. It basically embodies you.”
Neal said he was talking with a friend who mentioned that the hatred of King’s day was “being revived.” Neal believes it’s not so much being revived as it is “being revealed.” King’s cause and the civil rights bills that followed helped solidify rights for African Americans and pushed people to adjust their behavior. But for some, the hatred never really went away, and now they feel emboldened to let their true feelings show, Neal said.
“I know (King’s speeches) had some effect,” Neal said. “There’s no question about that. But I think as generations have passed, some of the true meaning of it has been lost. And some people who were lost are now revving up that same hatred and vitriolic attitudes toward people. So it’s still just as important, because I think for the ones who are committed, it’s a recommitment when they hear the words, and ones who’ve never heard it before, then maybe it’s them opening their minds to what could be.”
Like Gorg and Neal, Sandra Shawhan didn’t think King’s dream had quite been realized.
“No way; no. In fact, in some ways, we’re probably going backwards with all of the hate crimes that go on, the church shootings and bombings,” said Shawhan, vice president of the African Americans on Maui Association. “His dream is not for that. His dream was unifying all of us, and we have not achieved that yet.”
Shawhan, a former principal at Princess Nahienaena and Kamali’i elementary schools, said one of the things she wants people to remember about King is that he championed the rights of not just African Americans, but all people, including workers.
That’s a big part of King’s legacy for march participant Mike Landes, president of the Maui chapter of the Hawaii State Teachers Association, who also teaches social studies, AP U.S. government and modern Hawaiian history at Lahainaluna High School.
“He was a big supporter of workers’ rights,” said Landes. “His vision of a world matches with our vision of what should be happening for workers and for common people, but also what should be happening with our students and our parents, that all students should have equity and inclusiveness.”
Equality and inclusion are the kinds of lessons that Mary Emmons of Maui Lani hopes her kids will learn early on. She had just gotten off a night shift at the hospital but still had enough energy to bring her kids to the early morning march. Her 5-year-old daughter, Elena Szakacs, carried a sign with King’s comments: “I have decided to stick with love. . . . Hate is too great a burden to bear.”
“It’s important for the kids,” Emmons said. “It’s their generation that’s going to make the big change, hopefully. We should instill those values early on.”
* Colleen Uechi can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.